Red Grooms, Nighthawks

Edward Hopper Pop Art

Edward Hopper, Morning Sun, 1952, Huile sur toile, 71, 4 x 101, 9 cm, Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio : Howald Fund Purchase 1954.031, © Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio

Edward Hopper, Night shadows, 1921, Gravure, 17, 5 x 21 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art : bought with theThomas Skelton Harrison Fund, 1962, © Philadelphia museum of art

Edward Hopper, Girlie tv show, 1941, Huile sur toile, 81, 3 x 96, 5 cm, Range de Fayez Sarofim, © Private Range / The Bridgeman Art Library

Why Hopper? The reasons for Edward Hopper’s success

Edward Hopper’s paintings have an interpretative connotation of places, items and people which will be intentional and questions the audience. All of them includes images of silence, solitude, need and (erotic) disappointment, that are stressing, neurotic and nervous. His technique is worrying. He represents all The united states from change associated with the twentieth century toward sixties, the missing The united states which desired an individual identity and an identity about France.

Initial reason behind his success: For Hopper, art is mainly about transposition, however metamorphosis. He was against surrealism and abstraction. He ended up in a figurative style of artwork. He transposed his very own personal affections towards the level of a complete population. His artwork is collective and personal.

Next, he demanded a romantic and extremely personal design of artwork, as soon as transposition, closeness and a people were combined, it absolutely was successful. It was his success.

The natural sight (goal: dominated by the object which imposes itself) and also the eyesight of a voyeur, stressing and worried: calm. This private vision (driven by thoughts and private psychology) ended up being near compared to many American music artists between the turn of the twentieth century while the 2nd World War. He raised the question of domestic painting. He'd a profoundly photographic and cinematic vision and was extremely near to American investigator novels, thrillers and United states cinema. He both saw it and developed it. However have a massive influence on Hitchcock’s films. It corresponds to a vision of America as seen by The united states.

The second basis for their success:

- He would not yet have their cultural knowledge, (the Armory Show in 1913 was a triumph, due to the scandal associated with the European avant-garde’s art). Edward Hopper participated.

- He experienced an unprecedented “depression” during the 1920s/1930s, he represented the center course, a “provincial” The united states left by its modernity when you look at the crisis for the 1930s (this is why that he moves united states these days, since this is our environment).

- Edward Hopper had been very well known during their life time, through the age forty onwards he had many exhibitions (represented america at Venice Biennale).

Their works were widely distributed, watercolours, adverts and magazine covers (pictures). He is perfectly represented on Whitney Museum: this museum within the eastern united states of america features 250 000 works kept by their partner Josephine inside her might.

Edward Hopper’s painting ended up being about identification, with photos seen and reproduced in US films of their day.

Hopper had been a member of an United states college, the studio of Robert Henri in the ny Art School, the founder of this Ashcan class, a school of miserabilism and sadness. Robert Henri ended up being affected by the artwork of French performers Courbet and Manet, and also by Vélasquez and Rembrandt, the 17th century realist. Hopper had been trained in this college and rapidly recognized himself from this with color. However have a massive impact on pop music art. Warhol therefore the British artists admired him because he promoted this is of life, indications along the way…

Hopper’s depictions of his remains in Paris produce a comparison of his paintings with Félix Vallotton, whose mindset had been just like Hopper’s. The comparison is a great one, because their works are hard, ironic and erotic. Hopper evaluated these with a specific acrimony and criticism.

The second aspect which greatly interested Hopper was the theatre. Degas had a fantastic impact on him, because he depicted moments from theatre from unconventional views. Society would be a dramatic one, by which there would be no heroes or protagonists. Hopper is intimately private.


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